HUBUNGAN TINGKAT SPIRITUALITAS DENGAN PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS PADA KELUARGA PASIEN DI UNIT PERAWATAN INTENSIF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33650/jkp.v12i1.8218

Authors (s)


(1) * Yofilia Ningsih   (Universitas Riau)  
        Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Intensive care units often become stressful environments where families of patients experience emotional impacts due to serious health conditions, and spirituality serves as an effort to cope with psychological discomfort. The research aims to examine the correlation between the level of spirituality and psychological distress in the families of patients. This is a non-experimental quantitative study using a correlational approach with a cross-sectional method. The research was conducted at Arifin Achmad Hospital in Pekanbaru. Sample selection was done using accidental sampling, considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, resulting in 40 respondents. The measurement tools used were the Daily Spiritual Experience Scale (DSES) questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) questionnaire. Data analysis employed the Chi-Square test with α = 0.05. The research results indicate a description of a high level of spirituality in 67.5% of the respondents. The description of psychological distress is moderate in 40% of the cases. The Chi-Square statistical test yielded a p-value of 0.000 (p < 0.05). In conclusion, there is a relationship between the level of spirituality and psychological distress in the families of patients in the intensive care unit, indicating that families with lower levels of spirituality are more susceptible to experiencing severe psychological distress when facing high-stress situations. 



Keywords

Intensive care unit, patient families, psychological distress, spirituality level



Full Text: PDF



References


Aflah, A. N. (2017). Hubungan Spiritualitas dengan Tingkat Kecemasan Keluarga Pasien di Ruang ICU (Intensive Care Unit) Rsud Dr.Loekmono Hadi Kudus. Prosiding HEFA (Health Events for All).

Anggriani, S., kodariyah, & Insani, N. (2022). Spiritualitas dan Religiusitas Pasien Hipertensi. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.31539/jks.v6i1.4669

Bolosi, M., Peritogiannis, V., Tzimas, P., Margaritis, A., Milios, K., & Rizos, D. (2018). Depressive and anxiety symptoms in relatives of intensive care unit patients and the perceived need for support. Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice, 9(4), 522–528. https://doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_112_18

Chang, P. Y., Wang, H. P., Chang, T. H., Yu, J. M., & Lee, S. Y. (2018). Stress, stress-related symptoms and social support among Taiwanese primary family caregivers in intensive care units. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 49, 37–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2018.05.002

Dawood, E., Mitsu, R., Alharbi, M., Almurairi, A., Kanori, H., Alsaiari, M., & Alqarni, K. (2018). Department of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs.

Ervin, J. N., Kahn, J. M., Cohen, T. R., & Weingart, L. R. (2018). Teamwork in the intensive care unit. American Psychologist, 73(4), 468–477. https://doi.org/10.1037/amp0000247

Hafifah, I., Hakim, L., Suratmi, D., & Aiska, M. (2021). Kebutuhan Keluarga Dari Pasien Kritis Yang Dirawat Di Unit Perawatan Intensif RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin. Dinamika Kesehatan: Jurnal Kebidanan Dan Keperawatan. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33859/dksm.v12i1.699

Halain, A. A., Tang, L. Y., Chong, M. C., Ibrahim, N. A., & Abdullah, K. L. (2022). Psychological distress among the family members of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients: A scoping review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 31(5–6), 497–507. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15962

Harris, B. R. E., Beesley, S. J., Hopkins, R. O., Hirshberg, E. L., Wilson, E., Butler, J., Oniki, T. A., Kuttler, K. G., Orme, J. F., & Brown, S. M. (2021). Heart rate variability and subsequent psychological distress among family members of intensive care unit patients. Journal of International Medical Research, 49(11). https://doi.org/10.1177/03000605211057829

Jo, M., Song, M. K., Knafl, G. J., Beeber, L., Yoo, Y. S., & Van Riper, M. (2019). Family-clinician communication in the ICU and its relationship to psychological distress of family members: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 95, 34–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2019.03.020

Kanmani, T. R., Thimmappur, R. M., Birudu, R., Krishna Reddy, N., & Raj, P. (2019). Burden and psychological distress of intensive care unit caregivers of traumatic brain injury patients. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine, 23(5), 220–223. https://doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23164

Marshall, J. C., Bosco, L., Adhikari, N. K., Connolly, B., Diaz, J. V., Dorman, T., Fowler, R. A., Meyfroidt, G., Nakagawa, S., Pelosi, P., Vincent, J. L., Vollman, K., & Zimmerman, J. (2018). What is an intensive care unit? A report of the task force of the World Federation of Societies of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine. Journal of Critical Care, 37, 270–276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2016.07.015

Pardede, J. A., Hasibuan, E. K., & Hondro, H. S. (2020). Perilaku Caring Perawat dengan Koping dan Kecemasan Keluarga. Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science and Practice, 3(1).

Salamung, N., Pertiwi, M. R., Ifansyah, M. N., Riskika, S., Maurida, N., Primasari, N. A., Rumbo, H., & Al., E. (2021). Keperawatan Keluarga (Family Nursing). In Duta Media Publishing.

Subarkah, A., & Isnaini, N. (2021). Kesejahteraan Spiritual Dan Depresi Pada Keluarga Pasien Yang Dirawat Di Ruang ICU RSUD Banyumas. Adi Husada Nursing Journal, 6(2), 112. https://doi.org/10.37036/ahnj.v6i2.174

Vigna, P. M., De Castro, I., & Fumis, R. R. L. (2020). Spirituality alleviates the burden on family members caring for patients receiving palliative care exclusively. BMC Palliative Care, 19(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-020-00585-2

Yusuf, Z. K., Rahman, A., Olahraga, F., Universitas, K., & Gorontalo, N. (2019). Pengaruh Stimulasi Al-Qur’an Terhadap Glasgow Coma Scale Pasien Dengan Penurunan Kesadaran di Ruang ICU. In Jambura Nurisng Journal (Vol. 1, Issue 1). http://ejurnal.ung.ac.id/index.php/jnj%7C44


Article View

Abstract views : 46 times | PDF files viewed : 38 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics

10.33650/jkp.v12i1.8218


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Yofilia Ningsih

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.