Skill, Transformational Leadership, And Competitiveness: Relationships In A Love Triangle

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33650/al-tanzim.v7i2.5053

Authors (s)


(1) * Tegor Tegor   (Universitas Karimun)  
        Indonesia
(2)  Johannes Johannes   (Universitas Jambi)  
        Indonesia
(3)  R Indra Kusuma Jaya   (Universitas Jambi)  
        Indonesia
(4)  Said Nuwrun Thasimmim   (Universitas Karimun)  
        Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims to see the extent to which transformational leadership plays a role in mediating the relationship between personal skills and the competitiveness of private employees in the Karimun district. The total population used was 75 respondents selected based on random sampling techniques. Data analysis techniques use Smart PLS, and the results of this study are: 1) Skills have a direct and significant effect on competitiveness; skills possessed by employees can help increase the competitiveness of companies in a competitive market. 2) Skills have a significant influence on transformational leadership. Good skills can help a leader to set a good example, provide clear direction, motivate the team, solve problems, and build good relationships with his team members. 3) Transformational leadership has a significant positive impact on the company’s competitiveness. Transformational leadership can help increase productivity, drive innovation, increase employee satisfaction, and improve company reputation and competitiveness. 4) Skills have a direct and significant effect on competitiveness through transformational leadership. Skills can help increase productivity, drive innovation, increase employee satisfaction, improve a company's reputation, and enhance a company's overall competitive ability.


Keywords

Transformational, Leadership, Skill, Competitiveness



Full Text: PDF



References


Adewale, O. O. (2013). Impact of Organizational Culture on Human Resource Practices: A Study of Selected Nigerian Private Universities. Journal of Competitiveness, 5(4), 115–133. https://doi.org/10.7441/joc.2013.04.07

Al-Ayed, S. I. (2019). The Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management On Organizational Resilience: An Empirical Study on Hospitals. Business: Theory and Practice, pp. 20, 179–186. https://doi.org/10.3846/BTP.2019.17

Alrowwad, A., Abualoush, S. H., & Masa’deh, R. (2020). Innovation and Intellectual Capital as Intermediary Variables among Transformational Leadership, Transactional Leadership, and Organizational Performance. Journal of Management Development, 39(2), 196–222. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMD-02-2019-0062

Anbu, D. (2019). The Role of Leaders and Managers in Business Organisations. Asian Journal of Management, 10(3). https://doi.org/10.5958/2321-5763.2019.00034.9

Audenaert, M., Decramer, A., & George, B. (2021). How to Foster Employee Quality of Life: The Role of Employee Performance Management and Authentic Leadership. Evaluation and Program Planning, 85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2021.101909

Baird, K., Tung, A., & Su, S. (2020). Employee Empowerment, Performance Appraisal Quality and Performance. Journal of Management Control, 31(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00187-020-00307-y

Bettiol, M., Capestro, M., De Marchi, V., Di Maria, E., & Sedita, S. R. (2021). Industrial Districts and The Fourth Industrial Revolution. Competitiveness Review, 31(1). https://doi.org/10.1108/CR-12-2019-0155

Bontis, N., & Fitz-enz, J. (2002). Intellectual Capital ROI: A Causal Map of Human Capital Antecedents and Consequents. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 3(3). https://doi.org/10.1108/14691930210435589

Bracco, F., De Tonetti, G., Masini, M., Passarelli, M., Geretto, F., & Celleno, D. (2018). Crisis Resource Management in The Delivery Room: Development of Behavioral Markers for Team Performance in Emergency Simulation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030439

Calvo, L. C., & Reio, T. (2018). The relationship between Engagement and Knowledge Attainment in A Computer-Based Training Game and Job Performance of Travel Agents. Journal of Management Development, 37(5), 374–384. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMD-03-2017-0063

Carter, M. Z., Armenakis, A. A., Feild, H. S., & Mossholder, K. W. (2013). Transformational Leadership, Relationship Quality, and Employee Performance during Continuous Incremental Organizational Change. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 34(7). https://doi.org/10.1002/job.1824

Chapman, E. F., Sisk, F. A., Schatten, J., & Miles, E. W. (2018). Human Resource Development and Human Resource Management Levers for Sustained Competitive Advantage: Combining Isomorphism and Differentiation. Journal of Management and Organization, 24(4). https://doi.org/10.1017/jmo.2016.37

Damen, F. (2011). Taking the lead: The Role of Affect in Leadership Effectiveness. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.1097/PEP.0b013e31820a7d9e

Di Miceli, A., & Donaggio, A. (2018). Women in Business Leadership Boost ESG Performance. Women in Business Leadership Boost ESG Performance: Existing Body of Evidence Makes Compelling Case. https://doi.org/10.1596/31057

Engelbrecht, A. S., Heine, G., & Mahembe, B. (2017). Integrity, Ethical Leadership, Trust and Work Engagement. Leadership and Organization Development Journal, 38(3). https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-11-2015-0237

Fernandes, C., & Awamleh, R. (2011). The Impact of Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles on Employees Satisfaction and Performance: An Empirical Test in A Multicultural Environment. International Business & Economics Research Journal (IBER), 3(8). https://doi.org/10.19030/iber.v3i8.3715

Garavan, T. N. (2007). A Strategic Perspective on Human Resource Development. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/1523422306294492

Gevaert, J., Vanroelen, C., Stas, L., & De Moortel, D. (2022). Work engagement among different types of solo self-employed: the mediating role of intrinsic job resources. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 28(9), 132–153. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEBR-09-2021-0703

Gryzunova, N., Pyatanova, V., & Shuvalova, E. (2020). Financial Mechanism of Stimulating the Development of Southern Regions on the Basis of Credit Cooperation. Regionalnaya Ekonomika. Yug Rossii, 1. https://doi.org/10.15688/re.volsu.2020.1.15

Guzmán, V. E., Muschard, B., Gerolamo, M., Kohl, H., & Rozenfeld, H. (2020). Characteristics and Skills of Leadership in the Context of Industry 4.0. Procedia Manufacturing, 43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2020.02.167

Hermundsdottir, F., & Aspelund, A. (2022). Competitive, Sustainable Manufacturing - Sustainability Strategies, Environmental and Social Innovations, and Their Effects on Firm Performance. Journal of Cleaner Production, 370(June), 133474. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.133474

Hoai, T. T., Hung, B. Q., & Nguyen, N. P. (2022). The Impact of Internal Control Systems on The Intensity of Innovation and Organizational Performance of Public Sector Organizations In Vietnam: The Moderating Role of Transformational Leadership. Heliyon, 8(2), e08954. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e08954

Jacobs, R. L. (2017). Knowledge Work and Human Resource Development. Human Resource Development Review, 16(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/1534484317704293

Kulkarni, P., Mutkekar, R., & Ingalagi, S. (2020). Role of Strategic Management for Employee Engagement and Skill Development for Start-Ups. Vilakshan - XIMB Journal of Management, 17(1/2), 79–95. https://doi.org/10.1108/xjm-07-2020-0036

Lamptey, J., Marsidi, A. Bin, Usman, B., & Ali, A. B. (2020). The Overconfidence Behavioral Bias in Working Capital Management and Performance of Small and Medium Enterprise in Ghana: A Conceptual Paper. Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 5(7), 124–129. https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v5i7.438

Laukka, E., Huhtakangas, M., Heponiemi, T., & Kanste, O. (2020). Identifying The Roles of Healthcare Leaders in HIT Implementation: A Scoping Review of The Quantitative and Qualitative Evidence. In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (Vol. 17, Issue 8). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082865

Melton, E. K., & Meier, K. J. (2017). For the Want of a Nail: The Interaction of Managerial Capacity and Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance. Public Administration Review, 77(1). https://doi.org/10.1111/puar.12611

Miller, L., & Miller, A. F. (2020). Innovative Work Behavior through High-Quality Leadership. International Journal of Innovation Science, 12(2), 219–236. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJIS-04-2019-0042

Nolan, S. (2013). Effective Multi-unit Leadership. Local Leadership in Multi-site Situations. Strategic HR Review, 12(3). https://doi.org/10.1108/shr.2013.37212caa.011

Pervez, S., Abosaq, N., Alandjani, G., Shahbaz, M., & Akram, A. (2018). 21St Century Educational Requirements and Teaching Strategies for Competing With the Cyborgs. 5Th International Conference on Education and Social Sciences (Intcess 2018), IV(11).

Samadara, P. D. (2020). Internal Service Quality and Employee Performance. The International Journal of Social Sciences World (TIJOSSW), 2(01).

Sanderson, M., & West, E. G. (1976). Education and the Industrial Revolution. The Economic History Review, 29(2). https://doi.org/10.2307/2594330

Sorooshian, S., & Panigrahi, S. (2020). Impacts of the fourth industrial revolution on industries. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology, 17(8). https://doi.org/10.48048/wjst.2020.7287

Sriruecha, C., & Buajan, S. (2017). Leadership Soft Skills of the Director That Affects the Performance of the Subordinate at Sub-district Health Promoting Hospitals. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 237(June 2016), 1341–1346. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2017.02.220

Stanfield, J. (2020). Skill, syndication, and performance: Evidence from leveraged buyouts. Journal of Corporate Finance, 65(October 2017), 101496. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2019.101496

Teck, T. S., Subramaniam, H., & Sorooshian, S. (2019). Exploring challenges of the fourth industrial revolution. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 8(9). https://doi.org/10.35940/ijitee.i7910.078919

Tegor, & Umar, H. (2017). Compensation Analysis in Relationship Moderation between Transformational Leadership Style and Work Environment on The Employee Performance. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences. https://doi.org/10.18551/rjoas.2017-11.40

Tomic, I., Tesic, Z., Kuzmanovic, B., & Tomic, M. (2018). An empirical study of employee loyalty, service quality, cost reduction and company performance. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istrazivanja , 31(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2018.1456346

Van Laar, E., van Deursen, A. J. A. M., van Dijk, J. A. G. M., & de Haan, J. (2020). Measuring The Levels of 21st-Century Digital Skills Among Professionals Working within The Creative Industries: A Performance-based Approach. Poetics, 81(January), 101434. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poetic.2020.101434

Van Song, N., Hanh, P. T. M., Cuc, M. T., & Tiep, N. C. (2020). Factors Affecting SME Human Resources Development: Evidence from The Fourth Industrial Revolution in Vietnam. Management Science Letters, 10(12). https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2020.4.040

Yeganegi, K., & Zadeh, A. M. (2020). A Review of New Leadership Theories and Its Components. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3602594


Article View

Abstract views : 547 times | PDF files viewed : 194 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics

10.33650/al-tanzim.v7i2.5053


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Tegor Tegor, Johannes Johannes, R. Indra Kusuma Jaya, Said Nuwrun Thasimmim

Creative Commons License
 
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Al-Tanzim : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam
Published by Postgraduate of Nurul Jadid University, Probolinggo, East Java, Indonesia.