Personality Competence, Authority and Change Vision; Transformative Leadership in Building Madrasah Competitive Advantage


Authors (s)

(1) * Moh Sulhan   (Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung)  
(2)  ilyas rifai   (Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung)  
(*) Corresponding Author


This study aims to explain the personality competencies of madrasah leaders, authority and the vision of change in leadership in bringing madrasahs towards competitive advantage. This research uses a qualitative approach. Data sources and data collection techniques were obtained from interviews, observations, and documentation. Data analysis was performed using a flow model: data collection, data reduction, presentation and conclusion. The findings of this study indicate that transformative leadership can bring madrasah to play a vital role as educational institutions with competitive Islamic characteristics that have advantages that align with the times' challenges. The transformative leadership of superior madrasah can be found in madrasah leaders who have visionary views, can position themselves as agents of change, can position themselves as the organisation's driving force, can deal with complexity, ambiguity and uncertainty, and have a social vision and thinking skills. Therefore madrasah need to adopt a transformative leadership model to move forward and be competitive in navigating change.


Transformative Leadership, Personality Competence, Superior Madrasah

Full Text: PDF


Ahlsson, A. (2020). Why change? Lessons in Leadership from the COVID-19 Pandemic. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 58(3), 411-413.

Aminuddin, M. Y. (2017). Model Kepemimpinan Transformatif (Kajian Kepemimpinan Transformatif di Lembaga Pendidikan Islam). Al Hikmah: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 7(2), 14-33.

Atasoy, R. (2020). The Relationship between School Principals' Leadership Styles, School Culture and Organizational Change. International Journal of Progressive Education, 16(5), 256-274.

Avolio, B. J., Bass, B. M., & Jung, D. I. (1999). Re‐examining The Components of Transformational and Transactional Leadership Using The Multifactor Leadership. Journal of occupational and organizational psychology, 72(4), 441-462.

Azra, A. (2000). Pendidikan Islam Tradisi dan Modernisasi Menuju Milenium Baru, Ciputat: Logos.

Bagwell, J. (2020). Leading Through a Pandemic: Adaptive Leadership And Purposeful Action. Journal of School Administration Research and Development, 5, 30-34.

Bartsch, S., Weber, E., Büttgen, M., & Huber, A. (2020). Leadership Matters in Crisis-Induced Digital Transformation: How to Lead Service Employees Effectively during The COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Service Management, 32(1), 71-85.

Burns, J. M. (1978) Leadership, New York: Harper and Row.

Djatmiko, B. (2005). Leadership, Sikap, Kepribadian, Cara Berfikir Positif Pemimpin Sejati. Bandung: Bussines School, STIEB.

Ehlers, D. U. (2020) Digital Leadership in Higher Education. Journal of High Education Policy and Leadership Studies, 1(3), 5-8.

Farahnak, L. R., Ehrhart, M. G., Torres, E. M., & Aarons, G. A. (2020). The Influence of Transformational Leadership And Leader Attitudes on Subordinate Attitudes and Implementation Success. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 27(1), 98-111.

Forster, B. B., Patlas, M. N., & Lexa, F. J. (2020). Crisis Leadership during and Following COVID-19. Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, 71(4), 421-422.

Guzmán, V. E., Muschard, B., Gerolamo, M., Kohl, H., & Rozenfeld, H. (2020). Characteristics and Skills of Leadership in the Context of Industry 4.0. Procedia Manufacturing, 43, 543-550.

Jabnoun, N., & Al-Ghasyah, H. A. (2005). Leadership Styles Supporting ISO 9000: 2000. Quality Management Journal, 12(1), 21-29.

James, M. L. (1960). Principalship, Conceptn Competencies and Cases, Broadway New York: Longman.

Juhaeni, A., Sanusi, A., Wasliman, I., & Hanafiah, H. (2021). Strategic Management of Quality Improvement of Madrasah Aliyah Graduates in Modern Islamic Boarding Schools. Tarbawi: Jurnal Keilmuan Manajemen Pendidikan, 7(01), 33-46.

Kadiyono, A. L., Sulistiobudi, R. A., Haris, I. (2020). Develop Leadership Style Model for Indonesian Teachers Performance in Education 4.0 era. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11(9), 363-373.

Kalkan, Ü., Altınay Aksal, F., Altınay Gazi, Z., Atasoy, R., & Dağlı, G. (2020). The Relationship Between School Administrators’ Leadership Styles, School Culture, and Organizational Image. Sage Open, 10(1), 2158244020902081.

Le-Dao, H., Chauhan, A., Walpola, R., Fischer, S. (2020). Managing Complex Healthcare Change: A Qualitative Exploration of Current Practice in New South Wales, Australia. Journal of healthcare leadership, 143-151.

Luu, D. T., & Phan, H. V. (2020). The Effects of Transformational Leadership and Job Satisfaction on Commitment to Organisational Change: A Three-Component Model Extension Approach. The South East Asian Journal of Management.

McMullin, C., & Raggo, P. (2020). Leadership and governance in times of crisis: A balancing act for nonprofit boards. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 49(6), 1182-1190.

Miles, M. B. & Huberman, A. M. (1992). Qualitative Data Analysis; A Source Book of New Methods. California: SAGE Publication.

Mukhtar, N. A., & Fook, C. Y. (2020). The Effects of Perceived Leadership Styles and Emotional Intelligence on Attitude toward Organizational Change among Secondary School Teachers. Asian Journal of University Education, 16(2), 36-45.

Novitasari, D., Goestjahjanti, F. S., & Asbari, M. (2020). The Role of Readiness to Change between Transformational Leadership and Performance: Evidence from a Hospital during Covid-19 Pandemic. APMBA (Asia Pacific Management and Business Application), 9(1), 37-56.

Qomar, M. (2007). Manajemen Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Rahman, K. A. (2012). Peningkatan Mutu Madrasah melalui Penguatan Partisipasi Masyarakat. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 1(2), 227-246.

Rohaeni, A., Wasliman, I., Rostini, D., & Iriantara, Y. (2021). Management of Noble Moral Education for Madrasah Aliyah Students at Persatuan Islam Boarding School. Journal of Industrial Engineering & Management Research, 2(4), 154-171.

Rowley, C., & Oh, I. (2020). Trends in Chinese Management and Business: Change, Confucianism, Leadership, Knowledge & Innovation. Asia Pacific Business Review, 26(1), 1-8.

Sarros, J. C., & Santora, J. C. (2001). The Transformational‐Transactional Leadership Model in Practice. Leadership & organization development journal, 22(8), 383-394.

Shufutinsky, A., DePorres, D., Long, B., & Sibel, J. R. (2020). Shock Leadership Development for the Modern Era of Pandemic Management and Preparedness. International Journal of Organizational Innovation, 13(1).

Smith, Mandy (2020) Effective Leadership in Small Online Bussinesses: An Exploratory Case Study, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Knowledge, V 8(2), 27-41.

Stauffer, D. C., & Maxwell, D. L. (2020). Transforming Servant Leadership, Organizational Culture, Change, Sustainability, and Courageous Leadership. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, 17(1), 105-116.

Steenbrink, K. (1986). Pesantren, Madrasah, Sekolah: Pendidikan Islam dalam Kurun Modern. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Sulhan, M. (2020). Hadis Manajemen Pendidikan. Bandung: YKM Publishing.

Sulhan, M. (2020). Reformasi Kepemmimpinan Madrasah. Cirebon: Aksara Satu.

Usman, M. (2020). Transformational Leadership and Organizational Change: In The Context of Today’s Leader. International Business Education Journal, 13(1), 95-107.

Wibowo. (2012). Manajemen Perubahan. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Wind, J. Y., Wind, Y., & Main, J. (1998). Driving Change: How The Best Companies are Preparing for The 21st Century. Simon and Schuster.

Yukl, G. (1999). An Evaluation of Conceptual Weaknesses in Transformational and Charismatic Leadership Theories. The leadership quarterly, 10(2), 285-305.

Zaman, M., Novitasari, D., Goestjahjanti, F. S., Fahlevi, M., Nadeak, & Asbari, M. (2020). Effect of Readiness to Change and Effectiveness of Transformational Leadership on Workers’ Performance during Covid-19 Pandemic. Solid State Technology, 63(1), 185-200.

Article View

Abstract views : 419 times | PDF files viewed : 167 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Moh Sulhan, Ilyas Rifai

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Al-Tanzim : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam
Published by Postgraduate of Nurul Jadid University, Probolinggo, East Java, Indonesia.