Pesantren-Based Principal Leadership Symbolic Interactionism Perspective in Schools

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33650/al-tanzim.v7i2.5510

Authors (s)


(1)  Moh Wardi   (Institut Dirosat Islamiyah Al-Amien)  
        Indonesia
(2)  Rusli Rusli   (The Ministry of Religion of Bengkalis Regency)  
        Indonesia
(3) * Akmal Mundiri   (Nurul Jadid University)  
        Indonesia
(4)  Zahroil Batul   (Nurul Jadid University)  
        Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims to discover the symbolic interactionism perspective of teachers or subordinates towards the principal at SMA Nurul Jadid. To achieve the objectives of this study, researchers used a qualitative approach, with a type of phenomenological research. The subjects in this study were teachers and subordinates at Nurul Jadid High School. At the same time, data collection is done through interviews and observation. The study results show that the leadership behaviour of the principal at SMA Nurul Jadid leads to transformational leadership based on intelligent and breakthrough social communication. The process of symbolic interaction between the teacher or subordinates and the principal of a pesantren-based school is mediated by the values used to represent an object. The values that are built include; the value of integrity, the value of simplicity, and the value of dedication. These values occur based on the subordinate's meaning of the principal's behaviour, which creates a symbolic world at Nurul Jadid Paiton Probolinggo High School.


Keywords

School Leadership; Symbolic Interactionism; Pesantren



Full Text: PDF



References


Abrori, H. (2018). Inspiring Leadership dan Transformasi Kelembagaan menuju Perguruan Tinggi Islam yang Unggul. Al-Tanzim : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 2(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.33650/al-tanzim.v2i1.245

Alfajari, M. H. (2016). Interaksionisme Simbolik Santri Terhadap Kiai Melalui Komunikasi di Pondok Pesantren Al Munawwir Krapyak Yogyakarta. 46(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.21831/informasi.v46i2.11800

Angelia, D., & Astiti, D. P. (2020). Gaya Kepemimpinan Transformasional: Tingkatkan Work Engagement. Psikobuletin: Buletin Ilmiah Psikologi, 1(3), 187-195. https://doi.org/10.24014/pib.v1i3.9940

Antonopoulou, H., Halkiopoulos, C., Barlou, O., & Beligiannis, G. N. (2021). Transformational leadership and digital skills in higher education institutes: during the COVID-19 pandemic. Emerging science journal, 5(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.28991/esj-2021-01252

Ardi, A., Djati, S. P. (2020). The Relationship between Digital Transformational Leadership Styles and Knowledge-Based Empowering Interaction for Increasing Organisational Innovativeness. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 11(3), 259-277.

Arianto, D. A. N., & Setiyowati, N. I. (2020). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan dan Reward terhadap Disiplin Kerja Karyawan PT. Indoexim international. 16(2), 233-240.

Arif, M. L. (2020). Pengaruh Kecerdasan Emosional Pemimpin, Motivasi Kerja dan Disiplin Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Kantor Penanaman Modal Dan Pelayanan Terpadu Kabupaten Agam. Target : Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis, 2(1), 71–84. https://doi.org/10.30812/target.v2i1.702

Arifin, A. L. (2021). Karakter Kepemimpinan Cendekia pada Generasi Milenial. Fokus Bisnis : Media Pengkajian Manajemen dan Akuntansi, 20(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.32639/fokusbisnis.v10i1.750

Arifin, A. L., & Takrim, M. (2021). Integritas dan Kepemimpinan Milenial: Kasus Pada HR Leader. Anterior Jurnal, 20(3), 87–96. https://doi.org/10.33084/anterior.v20i3.2115

Arifin, S., & Haryanto, B. (2020). Humility di dalam kepemimpinan lembaga pendidikan Islam. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Sosial Humaniora, 5(2), 109-115.

Aryatnaya Giri, I. P. A. (2021). Analisis Ideologi Kepemimpinan Hindu dalam Kakawin Niti Sastra. Kalangwan Jurnal Pendidikan Agama, Bahasa dan Sastra, 11(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.25078/klgw.v11i2.2055

Asbari, M., Santoso, P. B., & Prasetya, A. B. (2020). Elitical and antidemocratic transformational leadership critics: is it still relevant? (A literature study). International Journal of Social, Policy and Law, 1(1), 12-16.

Bakker, A. B., Hetland, J., Olsen, O. K., & Espevik, R. (2022). Daily Transformational Leadership: A Source of Inspiration for Follower Performance?. European Management Journal. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2022.04.004

Cabanas, E. (2020). Experiencing Designs and Designing Experiences: Emotions and Theme Parks from A Symbolic Interactionist Perspective. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 16, 100330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2018.12.004

Chen, R. R., Davison, R. M., & Ou, C. X. (2020). A Symbolic Interactionism Perspective of Using Social Media for Personal and Business Communication. International Journal of Information Management, 51, 102022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2019.10.007

Chin, T. L., Yap Peng Lok, S., & Kee Peng Kong, P. (2019). Does Transformational Leadership Influence Employee Engagement. Global Business & Management Research, 11(2).

Fadli, M. Z., & Syafi’i, I. (2021). Tantangan Dunia Pesantren Era Milenial: Tantangan Pesantren Milenial. Al-Murabbi: Jurnal Studi Kependidikan dan Keislaman, 7(2), 134–141. https://doi.org/10.53627/jam.v7i2.4214

Fajarudin, A. A. (2022). Kepemimpinan Modern Berbasis Pesantren. Risalatuna: Journal of Pesantren Studies, 2(1), 1-25, 144. https://doi.org/10.54471/rjps.v2i1.1573

Gümüş, S., Arar, K., & Oplatka, I. (2021). Review of International Research on School Leadership for Social Justice, Equity and Diversity. Journal of Educational Administration and History, 53(1), 81-99. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220620.2020.1862767

Hallinger, P. (2020). Science Mapping The Knowledge Base on Educational Leadership and Management from The Emerging Regions of Asia, Africa and Latin America, 1965–2018. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 48(2), 209-230. https://doi.org/10.1177/1741143218822772

Huda, M. C., & Muhsin, I. (2022). Liminality Rituals of Interfaith Families: Symbolic Interactionism and Maqāshid Sharia Perspectives. Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi dan Penelitian Hukum Islam. 5(2), 35-48, 20.

Isvandiari, A., & Idris, B. A. (2018). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan dan Disiplin Kerja terhadap Kinerja Karyawan pada PT Central Capital Futures Cabang Malang. Jurnal Ilmiah Bisnis dan Ekonomi Asia, 12(1), 17–22. https://doi.org/10.32812/jibeka.v12i1.7

Maniku, R., Umama, H. A., & Huddin, M. N. (2019). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Dan Disiplin Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan di PT Krakatau Bandar Samudra. Sains: Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis, 12(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.35448/jmb.v12i1.6555

Middleton, E. D., Walker, D. O., & Reichard, R. J. (2019). Developmental Trajectories of Leader Identity: Role of Learning Goal Orientation. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 26(4), 495-509. https://doi.org/10.1177/1548051818781818

Muali, C., Rofiki, M., Baharun, H., Zamroni, Z., & Sholeh, L. (2021). The Role of Sufistic-Based Kiai Leadership in Developing the Character of Santri in the Pesantren. Al-Ishlah: Jurnal Pendidikan, 13(3), 1705–1714. https://doi.org/10.35445/alishlah.v13i3.1012

Muhsyanur, M., & Verlin, S. (2020). Representasi Konsep Karakter Pemimpin dalam Lirik Lagu Bugis Bulu’ Alauna Tempe Ciptaan Abdullah Alamudin. Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra, 5(2), 178–186. https://doi.org/10.23917/kls.v5i2.11076

Mukti, N. (2018). Kepemimpinan Visioner Kepala Sekolah. Jurnal Kependidikan, 6(1), 71–90. https://doi.org/10.24090/jk.v6i1.1697

Mundiri, A. (2016). The Leadership of Headmaster in Building A Work Culture Based on Pesantren. Imroving the Quality of Education and Training through Strengthening Networking, 1–7.

Murphy, W. H., & Anderson, R. E. (2020). Transformational Leadership Effects on Salespeople’s Attitudes, Striving, and Performance. Journal of Business Research, 110, 237-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.01.023

Musaddad, A. (2020). Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Perspektif Teori Kepemimpinan Perilaku (Studi Kasus di Sebuah Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK) Swasta Kabupaten Situbondo). Nusantara Journal of Islamic Studies. 1(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.54471/njis.2020.1.1.74-81

Nengsih, S., Gusfira, R., & Pratama, R. (2020). Kepemimpinan Transformatif di Lembaga Pendidikan Islam. Produ: Prokurasi Edukasi Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 2(1), 38-54. https://doi.org/10.15548/p-prokurasi.v2i1.2247

Nuryanti, Y., Novitasari, D., Nugroho, Y. A., Fauji, A., & Asbari, M. (2020). Meningkatkan Komitmen Organisasional Dosen: Analisis Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Perguruan Tinggi dan Kepuasan Intrinsik & Ekstrinsik Dosen. Journal of Education, Psychology and Counseling. 2(1), 2716-4446.

P. Pelealu, H. (2022). Kepemimpinan yang Visioner dari Perspektif Kristiani. Syntax Literate ; Jurnal Ilmiah Indonesia, 7(1), 676. https://doi.org/10.36418/syntax-literate.v7i1.5836

Peng, J., Li., M., Wang, Z., & Lin, Y. (2021). Transformational Leadership and Employees’ Reactions to Organizational Change: Evidence from a Meta-Analysis. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 57(3), 369-397. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021886320920366

Perdana, R. N., & Sobri, A. Y. (2021). Peran Falsafah Kepemimpinan Jawa Terhadap Peningkatan Kompetensi Tenaga Pendidik di Sekolah. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan. 38(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpp.v38i1.28538

Prabhu, K. N., Rodrigues, L. L., & Pai, Y. (2019). Transformational Leadership and Workplace Spirituality: a Structural Model of Team Effectiveness. Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management, 12(4), 7-22. https://doi.org/10.17010/pijom/2019/v12i4/143344

Purwanto, A. (2020). Did Transformational Leadership Elitist and Antidemocratic? a Literature Review. International Journal of Social, Policy and Law, 1(1), 1-11.

Rizal, S. (2019). Pengaruh Motivasi, Pengawasan, dan Kepemimpinan terhadap Disiplin Kerja Pegawai. Maneggio: Jurnal Ilmiah Magister Manajemen, 2(1), 117–128. https://doi.org/10.30596/maneggio.v2i1.3649

Rohman, N. (2021, September). Collective Leadership Problems and Solutions in Pesantren-Based School. In International Conference on Science, Education, and Technology, 7(1), 423-426.

Sholikhah, Z. (2021). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Rendah Hati, Kualitas Kehidupan Kerja dan Motivasi Pelayanan Terhadap Organizational Citizenship Behavior Pegawai Sektor Publik. Probisnis, 14(1), 53-67.

Sihite, O. B., Andika, C. B., & Prasetya, A. B. (2020). A Literature Review: Does Transformational Leadership Impact and Effective in the Public Bureaucratic. International Journal of Social, Policy and Law, 1(1), 44-50.

Sualang, F. Y., Budiman, A. D., & Saputra, A. D. (2022). Integritas Pemimpin Berdasarkan Amsal 31:1-9. Te Deum (Jurnal Teologi dan Pengembangan Pelayanan), 12(1), 107–131. https://doi.org/10.51828/td.v12i1.229

Sukarna, S. (2018). Integritas Seorang Pendidik. Jurnal Teologi Gracia Deo, 1(1), 14-22. https://doi.org/10.46929/graciadeo.v1i1.18

Sunardi, S. (2019). Peningkatan Keinovatifan Melalui Pengembangan Kepemimpinan Transformasional dan Efikasi Diri. Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan, 7(1), 740–747. https://doi.org/10.33751/jmp.v7i1.959

Top, C., Abdullah, B. (2020). Transformational Leadership Impact on Employees Performance. Eurasian Journal of Management & Social Sciences, 1(1), 49-59.

Wahid, R. A. (2020). Mengurai Diskursus Kepemimpinan Dalam Perspektif Islam. Islamijah: Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, 1(1), 85-96. https://doi.org/10.30821/islamijah.v1i1.7165

Wiwitan, T. (2021). Symbolic Interaction: Marketing Public Relations in Private Islamic University. Amwaluna: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Syariah, 5(2), 244–254. https://doi.org/10.29313/amwaluna.v5i2.7824

Wu, X., Hayter, M., Lee, A. J., Yuan, Y., Li, S., Bi, Y., & Zhang, Y. (2020). Positive Spiritual Climate Supports Transformational Leadership as Means to Reduce Nursing Burnout and Intent to Leave. Journal of Nursing Management, 28(4), 804-813


Article View

Abstract views : 170 times | PDF files viewed : 61 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics

10.33650/al-tanzim.v7i2.5510


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Moh Wardi, Rusli, Akmal Mundiri, Zahroil Batul

Creative Commons License
 
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Al-Tanzim : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam
Published by Postgraduate of Nurul Jadid University, Probolinggo, East Java, Indonesia.