An Analysis on Adultery in Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33650/ijoeel.v2i2.1435

Authors (s)


(1) * Rini Listyowati   (Universitas Islam madura)  
        Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstract. The main feature of the research discusses the adultery on Hester Prynne and Arthur Dimmesdale in Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter. Adultery is caused by several things and has impact to the doers. The research purposed is to find out the factors cause adultery done by the two main characters and the impacts on the doers. The research is qualitative research. Therefore, it applies descriptive method since the writer describes the analysis based on the data and the theories. The research uses psychological approach that just focuses on the psychological condition of adultery’s doers. The data are collected from the original text of The Scarlet Letter, then analyzed in terms of factors and impacts of adultery. The result of the research was clearly found and explained that the act of adultery is caused by several things, namely need of safety, need of affection, need of love and belongingness, and need of sex. while its impacts make the doers experience certain psychological conditions, these are esteem need, psychotic anxiety, safety need, develop superego, neurotic anxiety, mental disorder, and psychosomatic illness . The act of adultery makes the doers have different conflicts because they have different ways in facing the impacts of adultery. Hester has external conflict  such as conflict with the society, magistrates, her husband, and her child. While Dimmesadle has internal conflict  such as double avoidance conflict, double approach conflict, and approach avoidance conflict.     



Keywords

The Scarlet Letter; Adultery; conflict; psychological condition



Full Text: PDF



References


Abel, D. 1963. American Literature. New York: Barron Educational Service, Inc.

Ambarsari, I. 2010. Against the Dominant Ideology in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter: A Marxist Approach. Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. Print

Crow, Lester D. 1967. Psychology of Human Adjustment. New York: Alfred. A. Knopf

Freud, E. 1975. Psychology Today An Introduction. Torronto: Rondom House, Inc. Canada Limited.

Hakim, Lukman. 1978. Sosiology Masyarakat. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Hawthorne, N. 1983. The Scarlet Letter. Boston: Ticknor, Reed, and Fields.

Lombardi, E. 2019. What Literature Can Teach Us. ThoughtCo, May. 23, 2019, thoughtco.com/what-is-literature-740531

Maslow, R. 1975. Personal Growth and Adjustment. Boston: Holbroak Press, Inc.

McCombes, S. 2019. Descriptive Qualitative Research. Simplicable.com

Moslem Al-Quran. 2006. Al-Isra’ 7-32. Bandung: CV Penerbit Jumanatul Ali-Art

Munn, Norman. L, 1963. Introduction to Psychology. New York: Barron Educational Servive. Inc.

Ruch. 1984. Psychology the Personal Science. Belmot California: Wad Sworth Publishing Company.

Santrock, J. 2005. Human Adjustment (1st Edition). Amazone Warehouse: Amazon.com.

Tompson.2013. The Mind and The Heart of the Negotiator. https://viaconflict.wordpress.com

Wulansari, Atsani. 2017. The Puritan Law an Adultery And Its Impacts on Society: A sociological Approach of Literature in The Scarlet Letter. Methatesis Journal. Vol. 1, No. 1

http://english The Scarlet Letter-Puritan Society.html/

http://The Scarlet LetterTolerance of Sin Esay of Literature.html/

https://www.Psychologytoday.com


Article View

Abstract views : 1152 times | PDF files viewed : 1936 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics

10.33650/ijoeel.v2i2.1435


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Rini Listyowati