Exploring Grammatical Error in Speaking of Students University: A Case Study

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33650/ijoeel.v4i2.4654

Authors (s)

(1) * Yana Karisma   (Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa)  
(2)  Arif Bulan   (STKIP Yapis Dompu)  
(*) Corresponding Author


Researchers feel it is important to conduct research on grammatical errors in students, it is based on mistakes made by students when speaking. In addition, based on previous relevant research, there are still gaps. This study aims to analyze the types of grammatical errors that occur in students of the English education study program STKIP Yapis Dompu. The research method used in this study is qualitative research with a descriptive case study approach. The results of this study indicate that there are four errors encountered in the speaking of students of the STKIP Yapis Dompu English Education Study Program, namely omission, addition, misformation, and misordering. Omission consists of five errors, addition consists of four errors. misformation consists of three errors and misordering consists of two errors. Thus, the grammatical errors found in students of the English Education Study Program STKIP Yapis Dompu are only limited to the four types mentioned above.


Error, Grammar, Speaking

Full Text: PDF


Anggana. (2018). Grammatical Errors Commited by Junior High School Students in Speaking English. International Journal of Language and Literature, 2(1), 1–7. Retrieved from https://www.fairportlibrary.org/images/files/RenovationProject/Concept_cost_estimate_accepted_031914.pdf

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. England: Pearson Education Limited.

Ellis, R. (2003). Second Language Acquisition (Ninth). New York: Oxford University Press.

Ellis, R., & Gary, B. (2005). Analysis learner language. New York: Oxford University Press.

Fitria, T. N. (2021). An Analysis of Regular and Irregular Verbs in Students’ Essay Writing. LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching, 24(1), 276–287. https://doi.org/10.24071/llt.v24i1.2595

Gonzales, J. M. (2008). Encyclopedia of Bilingual Education. California: SAGE Publications Inc.

Harmer, J. (2007). The Practice of English Language Teaching. Cambridge, UK: Pearson Longman.

Heigham, J., & Croker, R. (2009). Qualitative Research in Applied Linguistics: A Practical Introduction. UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Helmanda, C. M., Safura, S., & Suriadi, E. (2018). The Grammatical Error Analysis of Students’ Speaking Performance. Jurnal Dedikasi Pendidikan, 2(1), 80–88.

Hussein, B. A.-S. (2015). Theory and practice in language studies. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 5(3), 642–646. Retrieved from http://www.academypublication.com/ojs/index.php/tpls/article/view/tpls0503541548/134

Islam, S., & Mufidah, P. N. (2022). An Analysis of Grammatical Error on Students’ Writing. International Journal of English Education and Linguistics (IJoEEL), 4(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.33650/ijoeel.v4i1.3826

Keshavarz, M. H. (2012). Contrastive Analysis and Error Analysis. UK: Routledge.

Kirkpatrick, A. (2007). Word englishes: Implications for international communication and English language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Krashen, S. D. (2009). Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition (first). California: Pergamon Press Inc.

Lee, S., Noh, H., Lee, K., & Lee, G. G. (2011). Grammatical error detection for corrective feedback provision in oral conversations. Proceedings of the National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 1(1), 797–802. https://doi.org/10.1609/aaai.v25i1.7942

Lestari, W., Muljanto, S., & Lestari, L. (2020). Grammatical Error Analysis in EFL Speaking Perfomance. English Education and Applied Linguistics (EEAL) Journal, 4(2), 124–128.

Madkur, A., Friska, Y., & Lisnawati, L. (2022). Translanguaging Pedagogy in ELT Practices: Experiences of Teachers in Indonesian Pesantren-based Schools. VELES Voices of English Language Education Society, 6(1), 130–143. https://doi.org/10.29408/veles.v6i1.5136

Myles, F., & Mitchell, R. (2014). Second language learning theories. New York: Routledge.

Naskah, T. P., Refnaldi, & Syafei, A. (2018). The Students’ Speaking Ability in Describing Products viewed from Grammar and Knowledge of Genre at SMK N 3 Padang. Journal of English Language Teaching, 7(1), 86–92. Retrieved from http://ejournal.unp.ac.id/index.php/jelt/article/view/8890%0Ahttp://ejournal.unp.ac.id/index.php/jelt/article/download/8890/7218

Nezami, A., & Najafi, M. S. (2012). Common error types of Iranian learners of English. English Language Teaching, 5(3), 160–170. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v5n3p160

Nikmah, N. S., & Anwar, C. (2021). EFL Young Learners’ Problems Encountered in the Learning of English Speaking: Teachers’ Perspectives. Register Journal, 14(2), 301–316. https://doi.org/10.18326/rgt.v14i2.301-316

Nunan, D. (1999). Second Language Teaching and Learning. Boston: Heinle&Heinle.

Nurhayati, Hendrawaty, N., & Angkarini, T. (2013). The Acquisition of English As a Foreign Language in Pare East Java (Kampung Inggris). Deiksis, 05(2), 81–88.

Safrida, & Kasim, U. (2016). Grammatical Errors: An Analysis in Speaking Produced by EFL Undergraduate Students. Research in English and Education (READ) Journal, 1(1), 71–80.

Salawazo, I. S., Simbolon, M., Hutabarat, V. E., Veronika, A. N., & Saragih, E. (2020). Analysis of Students’ Vocabulary in Learning English. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 3(2), 469–475. https://doi.org/10.31539/leea.v3i2.1017

Sari, R. A. (2018). Students’ Grammatical Error Analysis in Speaking. Edukasi: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pengajaran, 5(2), 127–137. https://doi.org/10.19109/ejpp.v5i2.2102

Saville-Troike, M. (2006). Introducing Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Setiyorini, T. J., Dewi, P., & Masykuri, E. S. (2020). The Grammatical Error Analysis Found in Students’ Composition. Lensa: Kajian Kebahasaan, Kesusastraan, Dan Budaya, 10(2), 218–233. https://doi.org/10.26714/lensa.10.2.2020.218-233

Sugiyono. (2018). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Vinhas, A. R., Darmawan, & Syamsiah, N. (2018). Grammatical Error Analysis in Speaking Committed by The Eighth Semester Students of English Departement at IKIP Muhammadiyah Maumere in The Academic Year of 2017/2018. Journal of English Teaching and Learning, 2(2), 1–10.

Widodo, H. P., Fang, F., & Elyas, T. (2022). Designing English language materials from the perspective of Global Englishes. Asian Englishes, 24(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/13488678.2022.2062540

Article View

Abstract views : 289 times | PDF files viewed : 312 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Arif - Bulan