Teaching Moral Values Through Real-life Dilemmas

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33650/ijess.v2i2.7712

Authors (s)

(1) * Vishalache Balakrishnan   (Victoria University of Wellington)  
        New Zealand
(*) Corresponding Author


The purpose of this study is to contribute to contemporary debates about alternative ways of teaching Moral Education (ME) in Malaysia by including the voice of students. ME in the Malaysian setting is both complex and compulsory. The research is founded on a modified version of Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), extended to suit the multicultural, multi-ethnic Malaysian setting, and here called the Zone of Collaborative Development (ZCD). This study uses qualitative research methodology consisting of a modified framework of participatory action research (PAR) as the methodological framework. Data was gathered for textual analysis through a modified form of participant observation, focus group transcripts, interviews, and student journals. Findings show that students were concerned about moral issues and values not covered in the current ME curriculum. The moral dilemmas that they identified were relational and context dependent. Multiple factors contributed to the problems they described.


Research Competencies, Education Teachers, Mentoring Models, Digital Technology

Full Text: PDF

Article View

Abstract views : 83 times | PDF files viewed : 49 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Vishalache Balakrishnan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indonesian Journal of Education and Social Studies
Published by Lembaga Penerbitan, Penelitian, dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LP3M) of Nurul Jadid University, Probolinggo, East Java, Indonesia.